Working paper (2000)
Working paper (2003)
The auditory system
The inferior colliculus
Hemoglobin & the brain
Concepts of autism
Neurology 2000 (discussion)
Change in childbirth practices
Pictures (Conrad and his brothers)
Death in a group home
© Copyright 1999-2007
Eileen Nicole Simon
Conrad Simon Memorial
|Childbirth practices 1970s: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 refs << 1 >>
pre-1900s early 20th century 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s
Clamping a pulsating umbilical cord was widely criticized in the 1940s and 50s
By the 1960s clamping the cord immediately after birth was a widespread, although this
practice still had many critics.
By the 1970s immediate clamping of the cord seemed to be the norm in academic
settings, where research was often conducted on "delayed" compared to "immediate"
clamping of the cord.